Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Obesity & Weight Management Hampton Inn Tropicana, Las Vegas, USA.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Reza Hakkak

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, USA

Keynote: tittle

Time : 09.30-09:55

OMICS International Obesity-2013 International Conference Keynote Speaker Reza Hakkak photo
Biography:

Reza Hakkak, Ph.D., is nutritionist and Professor and Chairman of the Department of Dietetics and Nutrition in the College of Health Professions, Professor of Pediatrics in the College of Medicine, and Professor of Department of Health Policy and Management in the College of Public Health at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. His research includes nutritional toxicology, influence of diet and nutrition on cancer prevention or promotion, obesity and breast cancer prevention or promotion, animal modeling for cancer research. For past several years, his research interests have focused on links between obesity and breast cancer prevention or promotion. He has published more than 40 research articles and more than 150 abstracts and presentations.

Abstract:

The obesity epidemic in the US has continued for over two decades as the proportion of overweight and obese adults in the population continues to rise. Obesity has been linked with the risk of development of various diseases such as diabetics, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and certain types of cancers. Vitamin D deficiency has been on the rise and has been related to several chronic disease developments such as insulin resistance, certain types of cancers and CVD. There is a suggestion that obese people have lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of obesity and diet containing soy protein isolate (SPI) on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) (major storage form of vitamin D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D) (active form). A total of 32 five-week-old female Zucker rats (16 obese fa/fa and 16 lean) were acclimated for one week and at the age of 42 days, rats were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) lean, casein diet; 2) obese, casein diet; 3) lean, soy protein diet; and 4) obese, soy protein diet. Rats were housed 2 per cage with ad libitum access to water and semi-purified diet. The semi-purified diet was similar to the AIN-93G diet formulation and was prepared with equivalent amounts of dietary protein, either casein (CAS, control) or a partially hydrolyzed soy protein isolate containing naturally occurring isoflavones (SPI). Rats were weighed twice weekly. At end of the experiment (8 weeks), all rats were sacrificed and serum was collected and stored at -20 degree celsius. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D were measured using an HPLC method with analytical equipment from Thermo Scientific (Waltham, MA). We used Students t test for comparisons of serum, dietary and body weight. Data were analyzed using Excel software and presented as mean+SD. Obese rats in both CAS and SPI diet groups gained significantly more weight (P<0.001) than lean rats. In both CAS and SPI diets, obesity decreased serum concentrations of 25(OH)D compared to lean groups (41.20+8.60 vs. 33.08+3.31 pmol/mL, P<0.05, for lean and obese CAS, respectively and 35.55+4.19 vs. 30.97+4.40 pmol/mL, P<0.05, for lean and obese SPI, respectively. Obesity and soy diet had no significant effects on serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D. Our results suggest that obesity alone decreased vitamin D status (25(OH)D)regardless of diet, but no effects were observed on serum 1,25(OH)2D concentrations.

Keynote Forum

Jana Parizkova

Obesity Management Centre, Czech Republic

Keynote: tittle

Time : 09.55-10.20

OMICS International Obesity-2013 International Conference Keynote Speaker Jana Parizkova photo
Biography:

Jana Parizkova MD, Ph.D., DSc, is a Professor and senior research worker in Obesity Management Centre, Institute of Endocrinology, Prague, Czech Republic. She published 600 articles in international and national scientific journals, and 20 monographs ( 5 in the USA, others in Switzerland, Germany, Poland, Czech Rep., etc.) concerning body composition and functional capacity as related to physical activity and nutrition in growing, adult and aged subjects of normal, athletic and obese populations and more than 1100 citations in SCI. is invited speaker for international and national scientific congresses, symposia, conferences, like IUNS, IUAES, ICAF, ICA, etc., organizer of symposia, and member of national and international scientific associations, and journals.

Abstract:

Along with increasing prevalence of obesity, the level of functional capacity and physical fitness has been during last decades decreasing. Increased adiposity has been revealed even in subjects in which body mass index (BMI) was not markedly increased. Moreover, this problem has been manifested not only in school age and adolescence, but already in preschool children in which the comparisons of body fatness evaluated recently showed significant increase as compared to the results assessed fifty years ago; performance in motor tests during the same period significantly worsened. This has been the result of reduced physical activity and increasing sedentarism which has been tackling already second-third generation. Lifestyle in families, exemple of inactive parents, and overall lifestyle has been influencing the development of children already since the very beginning of life. In addition to the decreased motor and cardiorespiratory capacity, serious muskuloskeletal problems started to appear, again in very young subjects–deteriorated body posture, flatfoot, scolioses, pain of the back, knee, hip, shoulder joints, genua vara and valga, etc. These musculoskeletal problems contribute to further to the reduction of physical activity and sedentarism of youngest subjects. However, the treatment of the obese using both suitable exercise, monitored diet and psychological intervention has always resulted in reduced BMI and body fatness, along with increased cardiorespiratpry efficiency, and improved skill and endurance. These interventions, however, should be, to achive desirable results , permanent and of desirable character. Results of both cross-sectional and longitudinal measurements concerning preschool, school and adolescet populations will be overviewed.

Keynote Forum

Edita Stokic

University of Novi Sad, Serbia

Keynote: tittle

Time : 10:20-10.45

OMICS International Obesity-2013 International Conference Keynote Speaker Edita Stokic photo
Biography:

Edita Stokic, M.D., Ph.D. is Endocrinologist and Professor of Internal medicine-Endocrinology, employed in the Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders of the Clinical Centre of Vojvodina in Novi Sad, Serbia. In 2005, she was appointed as Chief of Department. She is currently the vice president of Serbian Association for the Study of Obesity and chairman of the Continuing Education Board (Society of Physicians of Vojvodina of the Medical Society of Serbia). She is also president of the Internal Medicine Section, and (2002-2004) president of Endocrinology Section within same society. She is an author or co-author of 372 scientific articles, and publications on obesity, dyslipidemias and diabetes. She has also published monograph Obesity is treatable disease.

Abstract:

Risk factors that promote cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes are often cluster, including obesity, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, lipid and lipoprotein disturbances and hypertension. Obesity has a profound impact on the cardiovascular disease development: the increase of fat mass launches a cascade of adipokinemediated metabolic, inflammatory and haemostasic disturbances accelerating the process of atherosclerosis. Since each of these factors increases the global risk, the use of total cardiometabolic risk (CMR) is useful. There are numerous software applications for estimation of CMR. In general, a scoring procedure based on score tables is inapplicable for the analysis of complex and unconventional cases. There has been much interest in the clinical use of artificial neural network (ANN) as a form of artificial intelligence that has been used to simulate the human brains own problem-solving process and takes previously solved examples and recognize complex patterns between inputs and outputs parameters. ANN inputs are values gender, age, waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. ANN output is cardiometabolic risk-coefficient obtained from the number of disturbances in risk factors: HDL-, LDL- and total cholesterol, triglycerides, glycemia, fibrinogen and uric acid. ANN training and testing are done by dataset that includes 1281 persons, aged 18 to 67 years, with BMI values between 16.60 and 48.00 kg/m2. The accuracy of this solution is 82.76%. The clinical application of artificial neural network could be a useful tool in both, individual and public health prevention since it can be beneficial in identifying persons with increased cardiometabolic risk in an easy–to-measure and non-invasive way.

Break: Coffee Break 10:45-11:00 @ Bora Foyer

Keynote Forum

Sultan Ayoub Meo

King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Keynote: tittle

Time : 11.00-11.25

OMICS International Obesity-2013 International Conference Keynote Speaker Sultan Ayoub Meo photo
Biography:

Sultan Ayoub Meo is a medical graduate [MBBS] with higher postgraduate degrees [M. Phil] and Doctorate [Ph.D.] in Physiology. He also received Fellowship (FRCP) of Royal College of Physicians of London, Dublin, Edinburgh, and Glasgow. In addition to achieving MBBS, M. Phil, Ph.D. and four fellowships of highly respectable Royal Colleges of UK and Ireland, he also obtained higher postgraduate degree, Master in Medical Education, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK. He has a teaching experience of about 18 years and actively involved in undergraduate and post graduate teaching in physiology and research. He has been appointed as a Ph.D. supervisor and examiner College of Medicine, King Saud University. He is author of 8 books and published 80 scientific papers in peer reviewed national/international journals. His area of interest in research is respiratory physiology, diabetes mellitus, and medical education. He served as an associate editor of International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus and editorial board member for Saudi Medical Journal. He has been invited as a speaker to deliver talk in about 75 national/international conferences in different countries including Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, Turkey, China, UK, and USA.

Abstract:

The Arab world covers a vast geographic area, consists of 23 countries with a combined population of about 358 million people. Geographically, this part of the globe is variable ranging from dry desert areas to heavily raining green land. This part of the globe is also unique for its wide cultural, social and ethnic variations. Most of the Middle East countries are well-heeled with significant oil and natural gas resources and are benefited from high income. The socio-economic progress has brought benefits in the region such as improved access to health care, education, and safe drinking water. This rapid economical change has also set the scene for the modern lifestyles activities, people are eating more and exercising less. These changes in the lifestyle cause obesity, metabolic syndrome and probably responsible for Diabetes mellitus. In spite of marvelous advancement in medical sciences, obesity and diabetes mellitus are swiftly increasing in all age groups, both gender and leading challengeable issues of the region. The incidence of obesity is highest in Kuwait 42.8 percent of its adult population and Saudi Arabia and Qatar are not far behind with 35.2 and 33.1 percent respectively. Currently, six countries in the region including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman and Egypt are among the worlds highest for the prevalence of diabetes.

Keynote Forum

Rajat Sethi

California Health Sciences University, USA

Keynote: tittle

Time : 11.30-12.00

OMICS International Obesity-2013 International Conference Keynote Speaker Rajat Sethi photo
Biography:

Rajat Sethi received his Ph.D. from the Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Sethi is currently the Chair of Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, and Director of Research at the California Health Sciences University, Clovis, California. He has more than 100 publications in the field of cardiac toxicology, holds 22 patents, has authored 7 books, and serves in the editorial board for many journals.Dr. Sethi has received grants from federal and local agencies and from various foundations and has been an invited speaker in many national an international meetings and he is the recipient of numerous awards and honors for his contribution to research and education.

Abstract:

Obesity has become a major epidemic in the United States and other developed countries. Usually defined by a Body mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater, obesity has been shown to pose major health risks including cardiovascular disease and cancer. While on the basest level, obesity results from taking in more calories than are expected over a long period of time, studies also show that the problem is much more complex than that. Genetics, lifestyle choices, chronic disease, and environment all play key roles in the propensity of obesity. Medical Research has continually supported that exposure to fine particulate matter in the air increases the risk of several respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The correlation between air pollution and these disorders is particularly noticeable in children, low income communities, and areas that are close to sources of air pollution. Recently, particulates have been linked to other inflammatory processes, including type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes and its accompanying epidemic of obesity are two of the most persistent and expensive health problems in modern developed countries. This chapter outlines the relationship between different types of air pollution and their possible link to the obesity epidemic in the Western world.